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定语从句

一、定义:

定语从句(Attributive Clauses)在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词,词组或代词即先行词

 

二、分类:

关系代词有:who, whom, whose, that, which等。

关系副词有:when, where, why等。

 

三、关系代词引导的定语从句

关系代词所代替的先行词是人或物的名词或代词

 

1、修饰:who, whom, that

Is he the man who/that wants to see you? 他就是想见你的人吗?(作主语)

He is the man whom/ that I saw yesterday. 他就是我昨天见的那个人。(作宾语)

 

2、修饰事物:which, that

A prosperity which / that had never been seen before appears in the countryside. 农村出现了前所未有的繁荣。(作宾语)

The package which / that you are carrying is about to come unwrapped. 你拿的包快散了。(作宾语)

The package you are carrying is about to come unwrapped. 你拿的包快散了。(可以省略which / that)

 

3、“……的”:whose / of which

They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken down. 那人车坏了,大家都跑过去帮忙。

Please pass me the book whose (of which) cover is green. 请递给我那本绿皮的书。

 

四、关系副词引导的定语从句

关系副词可代替的先行词是时间、地点或理由的名词,在从句中作状语。

When, where, why,相当于”介词+ which”结构:

Do you remember the day when / on which you joined our club? 还记得你加入我们俱乐部的那一天吗?

Beijing is the place where / in which I was born. 北京是我的出生地。

Is this the reason why / for which he refused our offer? 这就是他拒绝我们帮助他的理由吗?

 

五、As, which代替整个句子

as和which可代整个主句,相当于and this或and that。

As一般放在句首,which在句中。

As we know, smoking is harmful to one’s health. 如我们所知,吸烟有害健康。

The sun heats the earth, which is very important to us. 太阳使地球暖起来,这对我们人类很重要。

 

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翻译练习

1、每一个得着智慧的人,都是得着圣灵充满的人。(who)

2、他就是你邀请的那个福音朋友吗? (whom)

3、柬新年期间召会生活人数出现了前所未见的增长。(which)

4、你写的申言稿和我的很类似。(that)

5、我们上周无法联络到那位丢失摩托车的弟兄。(whose)

6、我们需要修理那辆刹车失灵的摩托车。(of which)

7、玛丽仍然记得她得救的日期。(when)

8、我们需要宣告暹粒只是我们海外开展的第一站。(where)

9、疫情不能成为我们牧养松懈的理由。(why)

10、基督是从神给我们的智慧,这必须是我们日常的经历。(which)


1、每一个得着智慧的人,都是得着圣灵充满的人。(who)

Everyone who gains wisdom is the one who is filled with the Holy Spirit.

 

2、他就是你邀请的那个福音朋友吗? (whom)

Is he the gospel friend whom you invited?

 

3、柬新年期间召会生活人数出现了前所未见的增长。(which)

An increase which has never seen before appears in the number of saints participating the church life during the Khmer New Year.

 

4、你写的申言稿和我的很类似。(that)

The prophecy draft that you have written is similar to mine.

 

5、我们上周无法联络到那位丢失摩托车的弟兄。(whose)

We could not contact that brother whose motorcycle was lost.

 

6、我们需要修理那辆刹车失灵的摩托车。(of which)

We need to repair the motorcycle of which the brake is broken.

 

7、玛丽仍然记得她得救的日期。(when)

Mary still remembers the day when she was saved.

 

8、我们需要宣告暹粒只是我们海外开展的第一站。(where)

We need to proclaim that Seam Reap is just the first station where we propagate.

 

9、疫情不能成为我们牧养松懈的理由。(why)

The epidemic should not be the reason why we are loose in shepherding.

 

10、基督是从神给我们的智慧,这必须是我们日常的经历。(which)

Christ is wisdom to us from God, which should be our daily experience.