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名词性从句

名词性从句是在句子中起名词作用的句子。包括:主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。

 

一、主语从句

What he wants to tell us is not clear. 他要跟我们说什么,还不清楚。

Who will win the match is still unknown. 谁能赢得这场比赛还不得而知。

Where the English evening will be held has not yet been announced. 英语晚会将在哪里举行,还没有宣布。

 

it作形式主语

有时为避免句子头重脚轻,常用形式主语it代替主语从句作形式主语放于句首,而把主语从句置于句末。

常用句型如下:It be …… that从句:

It is a great pity that they didn’t get married. 他们没能结婚,真是令人惋惜。

It is strange that there are no lights on. 真奇怪,没有一盏灯是开着的。

It‘s said that he has been there many times. 据说他去过那儿很多次。

It is known to us how he became a writer. 我们都知道他是如何成为一名作家的。

 

二、宾语从句

He has told me that he will go to Shanghai tomorrow. 他已经告诉我他明天要去上海。

We must never think (that) we are good in everything while others are good in nothing. 我们决不能认为自己什么都好,别人什么都不好。

I want to know what he has told you. 我想知道他告诉了你什么。

She always thinks of how she can work well. 她总是在想怎样能把工作做好。

She will give whoever needs help a warm support. 凡需要帮助的人,她都会给予热情的支持。

I worry about whether he can pass through the crisis of his illness. 我担心他是否能度过疾病的危险期。

 

it做形式宾语

I think it necessary that we take plenty of hot water every day.我认为每天多喝开水是有必要的。

I feel it a pity that I haven’t been to the get-together.我没去聚餐,感觉非常遗憾。

 

三、表语从句

在复合句中,位于系动词之后作表语的从句叫表语从句。

That’s just what I want. 这正是我想要的。

This is where our problem lies. 这就是我们的问题所在。

That is why he didn’t come to the meeting. 那就是他为什么不到会的原因。

 

四、同位语从句

同位语从句说明其前面的名词的具体内容。

The news that we won the game is exciting. 我们赢得这场比赛的消息令人激动。

I have no idea when he will come back home. 我不知道他什么时候回来。

The thought came to him that Mary had probably fallen ill. 他想到可能玛丽生病了。

 

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翻译练习

1、主耶稣在约翰二十一章所告诉我们的,是极其重要。(what)

2、谁会来参加录影训练还不知道。(Who)

3、下次的青年特会在哪里举行,还没有决定。(Where)

4、新人们积极地分享自己对主的享受,是很激励人的。(it作形式主语)

5、我们都知道人的生命总有一天要到尽头。(that)

6、我想知道主日中午你们区要吃什么。(what)

7、我担心他是否能在疫情之后过正常的召会生活。(whether)

8、一些新人觉得每天呼求主名是有很帮助的。(it作形式宾语)

9、这就是为什么我们愿意将自己绝对奉献给主。(why)

10、马利亚姊妹参加全时间训练的消息极大地激励了我们。(that)


1、主耶稣在约翰二十一章所告诉我们的,是极其重要。(what)

What the Lord Jesus told us in John 21 is very crucial.

 

2、谁会来参加录影训练还不知道。(Who)

Who will come to attend the video training is still unknown.

 

3、下次的青年特会在哪里举行,还没有决定。(Where)

Where the next conference for young people will be held hasn’t been decided.

 

4、新人们积极地分享自己对主的享受,是很激励人的。(it作形式主语)

It is quite encouraging that the new believers actively share their enjoyment of the Lord.

 

5、我们都知道人的生命总有一天要到尽头。(that)

We all know that man’s life will come to an end one day.

 

6、我想知道主日中午你们区要吃什么。(what)

I want to know what you are going to have for lunch in your district on Sunday.

 

7、我担心他是否能在疫情之后过正常的召会生活。(whether)

I worry about whether he can have the normal church life after the pandemic.

 

8、一些新人觉得每天呼求主名是有很帮助的。(it作形式宾语)

Some new believers feel it helpful that they call upon the Lord’s name daily.

 

9、这就是为什么我们愿意将自己绝对奉献给主。(why)

This is why we are willing to consecrate ourselves absolutely to the Lord.

 

10、马利亚姊妹参加全时间训练的消息极大地激励了我们。(that)

The news that sister May has joined the full-time training greatly encourages us.